Mossad has MURDERED more than 500 Iraqi Scientists, Academics…
- (…)Numerous reports for many months have stated that with collaboration from American occupation forces, Israel’s espionage apparatus, Mossad, slaughtered at least 530 Iraqi scientists and academic professors.
- Persistent Israeli hit squads against Iraqi scientists had been active in Iraq since April 2003, but the latest chapter was uncovered on Tuesday, 14 June 2005 by the Palestine Information Center which, citing a report compiled by the United States Department of State and intended for the American President, stated that Israeli and foreign agents sent by Mossad, in cooperation with United States, to Iraq, killed at least 350 Iraqi scientists and more than 200 university professors and academic personalities .
According to the report, which was referred to the U.S. president George W. Bush, Mossad agents had been operating in Iraq with the aim of liquidating Iraqi nuclear and biology scientists, among other scientists, and prominent university professors.
- That was after the U.S. failed to persuade those scientists to cooperate with or work for it.
“Israeli commandos had been operating on Iraqi territory for more than a year, the focus of their activities being the assassination of Iraqi scientists and intellectuals. The Zionists resorted to the large-scale assassination campaign after the failure of American efforts that started immediately after the American occupation of Iraq, aimed at attracting a number of Iraqi scientists to cooperate and go to work in the United States,” The Palestine Information Center quoted the report as saying.
- “Some Iraqi scientists were forced to work in American research centers; however, the majority of them refused to cooperate in certain fields and fled the U.S. to other countries”, it further stated.
The Pentagon agreed with the suggestion of Mossad, which believed that the best way to get rid of those scientists was to “physically eliminate them”.
- The American security service provided Israel with complete biographies on the Iraqi scientists and academics to facilitate killing them, the report said, adding that the Mossad campaign targeting Iraqi scientists is still underway.(…) “”” [ Al Jazeera]
Control, intimidation, and even murder of Iraqi intellectuals, professors, lecturers and teachers has become more or less systematic since the US-led invasion of Iraq began in March 2003. Under the subsequent occupation, initially governed by a body called the Coalition Provisional Authority, US military officials dismissed many Iraqi intellectuals from university positions, often on spurious grounds; and a surprisingly large number fell victim to assassination. The Union of Iraqi Lecturers believes that roughly 200 have been killed, and estimates by various professors in Iraq back up this figure.
Intellectuals, professors, lecturers and teachers are being assassinated on what seems to be almost a regular basis.
To date, the CPA has neither investigated the deaths nor made a single arrest, despite its penchant for rounding up young Iraqis and treating them in barbaric ways in Saddam Hussein’s for- mer prison of choice, Abu Ghraib. A US defence department spokesman, when asked recently about assassinations among the Iraqi intelligentsia, dismissed the matter as simply “obscure”. The Iraqi interim government, installed and hand-picked by the United States, has done nothing and said nothing about it. With the exception of a few courageous individuals such as Saad Jawad, a senior professor of political science at the University of Baghdad, people are unwilling to speak out publicly. When a former doctoral student of Jawad’s was killed at the University of Mosul, Jawad’s colleagues refused to sign a petition supporting a strike. The political forces active in Iraqi society are becoming more fractured, more factional, more sectarian, and more ethnically absolutist.
One university president and several deans have been murdered. What is most striking is that many of those killed since the occupation began were trained not in the physical sciences, but in fields such as the soft sciences and the humanities. In other words, they were not being murdered by loyalists to Saddam Hussein for knowing something about any possible weapons of mass destruction programme. Instead they were, and are, professors of subjects such as French literature, history and the law, where the discussion about conflict can be converted into the conditions for reconciliation.
There is much speculation about who is responsible for these killings. Some allege it is Mossad, the Israeli secret service, which obviously has an interest in a weak and possibly theocratic Iraq – the better to declare Arabs undemocratically minded terrorists. (“It’s not personal; it’s business,” one professor in Baghdad says of Mossad’s possible motives.)
Denis Halliday, a former assistant secretary-general of the UN, has wondered aloud whether this is the work of anti-secular fundamentalists hoping to recruit students to the madrasas and to the tenets of Islamist fundamentalism. Others have pointed to militias such as those commanded by Ahmad Chalabi, once favoured by the Pentagon. At the same time, some allege these are acts of revenge and fury over grades from disgruntled students, now armed, along with the entire civil society, with weapons that the US sold to Iraq without reservation less than two decades ago.
Part of the process of dismis- sing Iraqi intellectuals, professors and lecturers was known as de-Ba’athification: with the exception of a few returned exiles, former Ba’ath Party members make up the vast majority of professors in postwar Iraq. Under Saddam Hussein’s regime, all professors who wished to keep their job were required to join the Ba’ath Party. Yet the US repression of academics was less about protecting academic freedom than a kind of American McCarthyism abroad.
One must ask whether there is a concerted effort to undermine a secular democratic foundation in Iraq’s universities; after all, the prime minister, Iyad Allawi, is himself a former Ba’athist and murderer. According to Robert Dreyfuss, writing in the American Prospect, $3bn of the $87bn going to Iraq has been allotted to fund covert CIA paramilitary operations there, which, if the CIA’s historical record is to be consulted, are likely to include extrajudicial killings and assassinations.
Not that the curriculum under Saddam Hussein was ever a source of a radical renewal that could have actually provided the conditions for the emergence of a secular, moral and democratic leadership. Known as “Arab culture and socialism”, the four-year undergraduate humanities course was a brain-numbing, chauvinistic and hyper-nationalist occasion for unrestrained celebration of Ba’athism, elevating the writings of party theoreticians to canonical heights. Like many other universities in countries of the Arab and developing world, Iraq’s academic institutions, after years of rule by the Ottomans, followed by British and French colonisation, were fundamental to the modern reinvention of national identity. In Egypt, for example, the curriculum underwent a process of Arabisation after the revolution of 1952. Similarly, modern standard Arabic became the official language of Algeria, a former French colony, only in 1962, and for the first time could be uttered outside the mosques.
Yet despite the tyranny exercised over Iraqi society by Saddam Hussein, the university classroom was (some professors often claim) a relatively autonomous space for learning and instruction, where professors, lecturers and students could be openly critical. They could even criticise the government, so long as they never mentioned Saddam personally, or his two sons. Even today, the textbooks retain the same content, altered only by the elimination of images of Saddam and his sons.
Whoever is directly responsible for the dangers facing Iraq’s institutions of learning and its educators, the situation seriously threatens the emergence of a secular, moral and democratic leadership from within Iraq. If such a society is to emerge from beneath the scars caused by years of sanctions, from the rubble left by a remorseless and mendaciously justified war, intellectuals are the best and, in my opinion, the only chance of enabling Iraq to realise its human capabilities.
Without the intelligentsia, the US and its allies will continue arrogating to themselves the right to determine the form that Iraq’s universities and knowledge should assume. It is vital for the future of the country that Iraq maintain the separation between the university and political society.
Andrew N Rubin, assistant professor of English literature at Georgetown University, US, is the director of the International Coalition of Academics Against Occupation (www.icaao.org) and the author of a forthcoming book, Archives of Authority
Victims of unknown assassins
Among the scores of senior academics who have been killed since the start of the western occupation are:
Muhammad al-Rawi, president of the University of Baghdad; Dr Abdul-Latif al-Mayah, professor of political science at Baghdad’s Mustansiriyah University; Dr Nafa Aboud, a professor of Arabic literature at the University of Baghdad; Dr Sabri al-Bayati, a geographer at the University of Baghdad; Dr Falah al-Dulaimi, assistant dean of college at Mustansiriyah University; Dr Hissam Sharif, from the history department of the University of Baghdad; Professor Wajih Mahjoub of the College of Physical Education; Professor Sabah Mahmoud, ex-dean of the Education College, Mustansiriyah University; Professor Abdul Jabbar Mustafa, head of the politics department at Mosul University, Dr Layla Abdul Jabbar, dean of the Faculty of Law in Mosul (and her husband); Dr Ali Abdul Husain Jabok, of the College of Political Science at the University of Baghdad. “”” [News Agencyes ]
[RO – adaptare selectiva ]
“”” Un impresionant numar de savanti si oameni de stiinta irakieni au fost asasinati, rapiti sau alungati din tara dupa caderea lui Saddam Hussein, se relateaza intr-un apel scris de prof. Andrew Rubin si colegii sai de la International Coalition of Academics Against Occupation (ICAAO).
PESTE 310 oameni de stiinta si intelectuali irakieni au fost lichidati de la caderea Bagdadului in aprilie 2003 in cadrul unui plan “americano-israelian”, a declarat Ahmad al Iraqi, ambasadorul irakian la Cairo, in cursul unui seminar desfasurat in acest oras la sfarsitul anului trecut. “Israelul a jucat, de la invadarea Irakului de catre Statele Unite, un rol primordial in asasinarea oamenilor considerati periculosi pentru interesele sale”. Dr. Imad Jad de la Centrul Al Ahram a precizat ca peste 70 de oameni de stiinta irakieni au fost ridicati de fortele americane si tinuti in regiuni de unde nu puteau transmite informatii organizatiilor anti-americane. El a adaugat ca aproape 17.000 de savanti au parasit tara. Ministerul Educatiei Superioare si Ministerul Stiintei si Tehnologiei irakiene confirma estimarile in privinta numarului de oameni de stiinta ucisi.
Printre profesorii asasinati figureaza: Mohamed Al Rawi, presedinte al Universitatii din Bagdad (aprilie 2003), Dr. Abdul Latif al Mayah, profesor de stiinte politice la Universitatea din Mustansariya, Dr. Nafaa Aboud, profesor de litteratura araba la Universitatea din Bagdad, Dr. Sabri al Bayati, geograf la Universitatea Bagdad, Dr. Falah al Dualimi, vice-decan la Universitatea Mystansariya, Dr. Hissam Sharif, departamentul de istorie, Universitatea Bagdad, profesorul Wajih Mahjoub, Facultatea de Educate fizica, profesorul Sabah Mahmoud, fost decan la Facultatea de Educatie, Universitatea Mustansanriya, profesorul Abdoul Jabbar Mustafa, director al departamentului de Politique la Universitatea din Mossoul, Dr. Layla Abdoul Jabbar, decan al Facultatii de drept de la Mossoul si sotul ei, Dr. Ali Abdoul Hussein Jabok, de la Facultatea de Stiinte Politice, Universitatea din Bagdad.
Pana in momentul de fata, nu a fost ordonata nici o ancheta de catre guvernul irakian, si nu a fost operata nici o arestare, cu toate ca asa-zisele autoritati irakiene nu ezita sa incarcereze tinerii irakieni sub orice pretext si sa-i tortureze la inchisoarea Abu Ghraib. Un purtator de cuvant al Departamentului de Stat intrebat in legatura cu acest subiect a minimalizat situatia, calificand-o “obscura”.
Ceea ce este de retinut e ca anumite victime nu erau specialisti in stiinte ci in materii umaniste precum literatura, limba franceza, istoria, dreptul, oameni care nu puteau fi suspectati ca si-au pus la dispozitia lui Saddam Hussein cunostintele despre armele de distrugere in masa…
Autorii acestor asasinate lasa loc tuturor speculatiilor: prima ar fi ca Israelului ii convine ca Irakul sa fie slab si teocratic, ceea ce cadreaza bine cu teoria ca arabii sunt un popor de teroristi anti-democrati. Altii cred ca militiile, in particular cea a lui Ahmad Chalabi, sau chiar fortele fundamentaliste si anti-seculare sunt la originea asasinatelor.
Trebuie spus ca victimele au fost, toate, alese dupa campania de de-baasificare dusa de americani. Pentru ei nu era vorba de a salva libertatea intelectuala a profesorilor, dintre care unii au fost membri ai Partidului Baas numai din obligatie profesionala, ci de o campanie de represiune in strainatate, dupa modelul McCarthysmului.
(…)In ciuda tiraniei exercitate asupra intregii societati irakiene de catre Saddam Hussein, universitatile au fost (conform spuselor a numerosi profesori), un spatiu relativ autonom de invatare si instruire, unde profesorii si studentii puteau critica intr-o anumita masura guvernul, cu conditia de a nu mentiona niciodata numele lui Saddam sau al celor doi fii ai sai. La aceasta ora, continutul cartilor si manualelor scolare nu a fost modificat, cu exceptia imaginilor lui Hussein.
Aceste asasinate ameninta direct aparitia unor lideri politici democrati si morali in Irak. Daca o societate trebuie sa uite ranile anilor de sanctiuni, si de ruina aduse de un razboi nemilos si „justificat” de minciuni, intelectualii sunt, in opinia autorului, singura sansa a Irakului de a realiza competentele sale umane. Altfel, Statele Unite si aliatii sai vor continua sa dicteze, conform unui drept auto-arogat, universitatilor irakiene ce forma pot sa aiba si ce cunostinte au voie sa detina. “””