FACTS – Violent deaths
“”” In five years, the war in Iraq has killed hundreds of thousands of civilians, and well over 4,000 members of U.S.-led foreign forces.
There is no agreement on the overall number, particularly as many deaths are never reported in the media.
The U.N. World Health Organization and the Iraqi government released a study in January concluding that between 104,000 and 223,000 Iraqis had died violently since the U.S.-led invasion of March 2003.
As of March 20, the independent Iraq Body Count website, based solely on incidents reported by the media, spoke of close to 90,000 deaths, of whom over a quarter — 24,000 — died in 2007.
At the high end of the scale, in September 2007 a British polling institute estimated the total number of civilian deaths at 1.2 million, a figure coherent with an earlier report in The Lancet, a respected medical review.
As of July 2006, a statistical survey quoted in The Lancet found that 655,000 more civilians had died than would have been the case if there had been no war.
Last year, the Iraqi government said that around 12,000 members of the Iraqi security forces had died since the invasion. The Icasualties.org website put the figure at 8,000 based only on published reports.
The total number of deaths of U.S.-led foreign forces is estimated at more than 4,283, not counting private forces.
As of March 20, regular U.S. forces had lost at least 3,990 troops, according to an AFP tally based on icasualties.org.
The figure does not include deaths among the many thousands of mercenaries, which the United States calls private military contractors. Estimates of their death toll, as of last year, ranged from 140 to over 900.
Among other countries which still have forces in Iraq, the death tolls as of March 20 were: Britain: 175 – Poland: 22 – Ukraine: 18 – Bulgaria: 13 – Denmark: eight.
For countries which took part in earlier stages of the occupation, but have now withdrawn their forces, the main losses were Italy with 32 and Spain with 11.
* Iraq Body Count is run by academics and peace activists, based on reports from media sources. The IBC says on its website the figure underestimates the true number of casualties.
* Icasualties.org uses official information from the U.S. Department of Defense or Centcom. The U.S-led military coalition toll includes casualties from Iraq and the surrounding area where troops are stationed. “”” [ AlArabiya ; Iraq Body Count ]